Four Science Goals for Mars Exploration. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will search for evidence of present-day ice or liquid water beneath the surface and explore the subsurface structure of the polar caps and nearby terrain in search of evidence of the role water played in Mars' past climate. Goal 3: Characterize the Geology of Mars. Goal 1: Determine Whether Life Ever Arose on Mars. Science.
Goal 2: Characterize the Climate of Mars. Science. Goal 4: Prepare for Human Exploration. 2. Science. Science. Following are the major objectives of the mission: A. Characterize the present climate of Mars and its physical mechanisms of seasonal and interannual climate change. Technological Objectives: Design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to survive and perform Earth bound manoeuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars.
To contribute to the four science goals, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has the following science objectives: 1.