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megathrust earthquake 2004

Category: Undersea Megathrust Earthquake The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami occurred on 26 December with an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. On Boxing Day 2004 the world was shocked by one of the worst natural disasters of all time. A rupture length of about 250 km and a down-dip extent of up to 80 km combined with a maximum slip of 21 m is capable of generating the observed tsunami. The 2004 earthquake in ____ occurred due to subduction of the Indian-Australian plate under the Eurasian plate, creating a(n) _____ that killed over 220,000 people. Scientists in Munich have completed the first detailed simulation of the Sumatra earthquake that triggered a devastating tsunami on the day after Christmas in 2004. The earthquake had a moment magnitude of 9.1 - 9.3, killing 230,000 people in 14 countries and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 metres high. The earthquake hit at just before 1am GMT or 7.58am local time on 26 December 2004. Prior to 2004, the most recent megathrust earthquakes along the Sumatran-Andaman plate boundary were in 1797 (M 8.7-8.9), 1833 (M 8.9-9.1) and 1861 (M8.5). The tsunami generated by the earthquake was recorded nearly world-wide and killed more people than any other tsunami in recorded history, almost 230,000 missing and presumed dead.
Credit: Gabriel/Bader. The magnitude 9.1 earthquake struck 30km below the surface around 160km off the western coast of northern Sumatra. The resulting tsunami was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean …

The quake itself is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake. The March 11 earthquake in Japan has been classed as a 9.0 quake and can be called a megathrust The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, which killed over 230,000 people, was caused by a 'megathrust' The nature of the earthquake matches well with a fault model that involves slip on the uppermost part of the megathrust, consistent with the location of other tsunami earthquakes. The most devastating in recent Indonesian history was on Dec. 26 in 2004, when a magnitude 9.5 quake, which scientists have associated with a megathrust …
On 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9.1 earthquake (3.316 N, 95.854 E, depth 30 km) occurred off the coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The cause of so much devastation was the most powerful kind of earthquake on the planet - a megathrust. Indonesia and All of these recorded ‘tsunami earthquakes’ in … The complex geological structure of the layers of rock, combined with the splay faults, results in highly complicated rupture processes during an earthquake. A subset of megathrust earthquakes produce anomalously large tsunamis for their magnitude. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on Sunday, 26 December 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.